In 1882 the Smithsonian Institution Arctic scientist, Lucien McShan Turner, traveled to the Ungava District that encompasses Northern Quebec and Labrador. There he spent 20 months as part of a mission to record meteorological data for an International Polar Year research program. While stationed at the Hudson's Bay Company Trading Post of Fort Chimo in Ungava Bay, now the Inuit community of Kuujjuaq, he soon tired of his primary task and expanded his duties to a study of the natural history and ethnography of the Aboriginal peoples of the region.
His ethnography of the Inuit and Innu people was published in 1894, but his substantial writings on natural history never made it to print. Presented here for the first time is the natural history material that Lucien M. Turner wrote on mammals of the Ungava and Labrador regions. His writings provide a glimpse of the habits and types of mammals that roamed Ungava 125 years ago in what was an unknown frontier to non-Inuit and non-Innu people.
Currently, the northern latitudes encompassing Arctic and subarctic lands are the most rapidly changing environments in the world, and an understanding of the natural history and sociocultural heritage of the region may have profound implications for economic development and environmental conservation, with impacts on indigenous populations and local biodiversity. This compendium is a comprehensive account of the behavioral ecology of the land and sea mammals of Ungava and Labrador in northeastern Canada, combining the detailed observations of Arctic scientist Turner from the late 1800s with narratives on the subsistence and cultural usage of species by the Inuit and Innu. Traditional knowledge remains valuable today for adaptation and resilience in the face of increasing environmental challenges, as well as for preserving a rich cultural and linguistic heritage. Alongside natural history accounts of species are fables, legends, and creation stories about land and sea mammals, woven seamlessly with superb pictures and illustrations. Part field guide and part collected stories of Inuit and Innu traditional knowledge, this historical perspective also includes modem-day perspectives and interpretations stressing the relationship between humans and their environment. A rich resource for a broad audience including non-Arctic natural and social scientists. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All academic, professional, and general libraries. -- R. A. Delgado Jr., American Association for the Advancement of Science
Mammals of Ungava and Labrador by Scott A. Heyes and Kristofer M. Helgen