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National Geographic Answer Book
10,001 Fast Facts About Our World
Written by National Geographic
Foreword by Kathryn Thornton


National Geographic Answer Book
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Category: Reference
Imprint: National Geographic
Format: Trade Paperback
Pub Date: November 2011
Price: $22.95
Can. Price: $25.95
ISBN: 978-1-4262-0892-8 (1-4262-0892-8)
Pages: 448
Also available as a hardcover.


EXCERPT

 
What is the Rosetta Stone?
Hieroglyphs are the written symbols that were used by scribes in ancient Egypt. While they appear to be pictures, or pictographs, they usually stood for sounds, or phonetics.

The hieroglyphic system of writing vanished from Egypt by about the fifth century A.D., and with it all knowledge of how to translate the complex symbols. Then, in 1799, a Frenchman in Rosetta, Egypt—now called Rashid—discovered a black granite stone from the second century B.C. that bore inscriptions in Egyptian hieroglyphic, Egyptian demotic (common script), and Greek. By comparing the symbols in the three different writing systems, he was able to begin to decipher the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, revealing a text written by priests in honor of the pharaoh.


From the Hardcover edition.





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