||The Golden Compass: Reader’s Guide
Questions • Suggested Reading
About this Guide
The questions, discussion topics, and author information that follow are intended to enhance your group's reading of The Golden Compass. We hope that this guide will help you to navigate - alongside the story's young protagonist, Lyra Belacqua - Philip Pullman's richly imagined universe, populated by armored bears, gyptians, witches, and human beings, whose dæmons are never far from their side.
Dæmons are one of the most striking, charming, and powerful images in The Golden Compass. These spirit-creatures, which seem like physical representations of the human soul, can change form to reflect the myriad of emotional states their humans go through as children. But in adulthood, each dæmon settles into the animal form that best reflects the inner nature of its human counterpart. It is in this unusual and imaginative creation that Pullman turns his sharpest mirror back onto his readers, helping us to imagine our own souls as precious, living extensions of ourselves that we can love, challenge, or even betray.
The Golden Compass is a complex story that turns on a simple word: "Dust." This Dust does not gather in the unswept corners of Jordan College, Lyra's Oxford home. Rather, this Dust seems to reveal - or perhaps contain - the thing that makes each human being a unique creature. The concept of Dust provokes fear in some; others realize that mastery over Dust could be the source of great power. Although she does not quite realize it, Lyra - along with her dæmon Pantalaimon - finds her life inextricably entangled with the exploration of Dust. And as her understanding of Dust and her mastery over a mysterious tool called the alethiometer increases, the dangerous journey that she seems destined to make takes some astounding twists and turns.
Questions for Discussion
- The author tells us that The Golden Compass takes place "in a universe
like ours, but different in many ways." How do you think Lyra's universe
relates to ours?
is a dæmon? How do they make humans different from other creatures?
Why do you think servants' dæmons are always dogs? What sort of
dæmons might your friends, relatives, classmates, or coworkers
have? Describe your own dæmon.
world of The Golden Compass is ruled by the Church. However,
the nature of its power is unclear. What power do you think the Church
holds over its people?
- On pages
89-90, the General Oblation Board is explained in reference to the historical
sacrifice of children to cloistered life. "Oblation" refers to the act
of making a religious offering. What offering does the General Oblation
Board make and to whom?
knowledge and experience are made physical in Dust. What other psychological,
intellectual, or spiritual activities does the author physicalize?
is the relationship between "severing" and death? Is the author using
this fantasy to explore the notion of psychic or moral death?
- Why do
you think the author stresses that Lyra is not an imaginative child?
Why would "imagination" be dangerous to her? How would it affect her
understanding of the alethiometer? Is Lyra a truth-seeker? Who is Lyra
Belacqua and/or what does she symbolize?
- In what
ways is gender a significant or stratifying element in the novel? Why
do you think all witches are female? Why are dæmons usually the
opposite gender of their human counterparts? Is the fact that Lyra is
a girl-child relevant to the themes of the story?
human society in The Golden Compass, there exists the community
of the armored bears, who have their own hierarchical structure and
moral code. In one way Svalbard seems little more than an interesting
foil to the human condition, yet the bear kingdom is also a final destination,
the site of the story's climactic conclusion. What do you think is the
author's purpose in inventing - and exploring - the world of the armored
author has filled this novel with binary imagery: person-dæmon;
mother-father; Iorek-Iofur; Lyra's universe-the universe in the Aurora.
What other binarisms can you find in the structure, landscape imagery,
and vocabulary of this fantasy? How do these dualistic elements affect
the novel's larger themes?
Lyra's "betrayal" of Roger in relation to other betrayals that occur
in the novel. Has reading The Golden Compass altered your understanding
of the act of betrayal?
Lord Asriel and Mrs. Coulter in collusion or are they fighting each
other? How and in what way?
absent from The Golden Compass are four words that are prevalent
in most fantasy adventures: right, wrong, good, and evil. Can these
terms be applied to this story? How and why, or why not?
- On the
last page of the book, Lyra and Pantalaimon recognize that they are
still "one being; both of us are one." The expression resonates with
a phrase from marriage ceremonies. Contrast this moment in the story
with the preceding interplay between Lyra's parents.
- The Golden Compass is the first book in the trilogy His Dark Materials,
which gets its name from a passage in John Milton's Paradise Lost,
quoted at the beginning of the novel. Philip Pullman has said, "Milton's
angels are not seriously meant to be believed - beings with wings and
halos and white robes. They are psychological qualities, conceived and
pictured as personalities. With them, Milton tells one of the central
tales of our world: the story of the temptation and fall of humankind."
Discuss the passage from Paradise Lost and this statement from
the author in relation to The Golden Compass.
Lyra walks "into the sky" at the end of Book One, we can presume that
she is walking into the world of Book Two of His Dark Materials
- "the universe that we know." What do you think will happen to her
and Pantalaimon when they cross the bridge?
Suggestions for Further Reading
The Prydain Chronicles by Lloyd Alexander
Sword of Shannara by Terry Brooks
Left Hand of Darkness and The Earthsea Tetralogy by
Ursula K. Le Guin
Tilting Planet and A Wind in the Door by Madeleine
Chronicles of Narnia and The Screwtape Letters by C.
Giver by Lois Lowry
Paradise Lost by John Milton
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien