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  • American Youth
  • Written by Phil LaMarche
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  • American Youth
  • Written by Phil LaMarche
  • Format: eBook | ISBN: 9781588366054
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American Youth

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A Novel

Written by Phil LaMarcheAuthor Alerts:  Random House will alert you to new works by Phil LaMarche

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List Price: $9.99

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On Sale: April 10, 2007
Pages: | ISBN: 978-1-58836-605-4
Published by : Random House Random House Group
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fiction (7) guns (6) gangs (5)
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Synopsis|Excerpt

Synopsis

American Youth is a controlled, essential, and powerful tale of a teenager in southern New England who is confronted by a terrible moral dilemma following a firearms accident in his home. This tragedy earns him the admiration of a sinister gang of boys at his school and a girl associated with them. Set in a town riven by social and ideological tensions–an old rural culture in conflict with newcomers–this is a classic portrait of a young man struggling with the idea of identity and responsibility in an America ill at ease with itself.


From the Hardcover edition.

Excerpt

1

The two boys walked the high ridge at the center of the wood road, avoiding the muddy ruts along the sides. Loggers had powered their hulking machines along the makeshift pathways—the huge skidder tires clawing deep cuts into the soft earth. The men had taken the timber of any value and only the undesirable trees remained: the young, the mangled and twisted, the rotten and sick. The boys made their way through the difficult clutter of leftover branches that now thatched the forest floor. The sun broke the sparse canopy and beat on their sweating necks.

Terry caught a toe on the cut end of an exposed root and stumbled into several lurching steps. His backpack rattled. The other boy sidestepped the splintered butt of wood and quickly tiptoed around a small birch stump. Terry stood a head taller than the boy and he was half again as broad, but he wore his body like an oversize suit. The boy was still small and nimble, but he wasn’t happy about it. He looked at Terry’s body and he wanted one of his own. Terry’s neck and arms were thick like a man’s. The backpack looked like a child’s toy, dangling between his broad shoulders.

Terry tripped again. “Cocksucker,” he said. He hopped the rut at the side of the path and took a seat on a broad stump. The cut wood was still pale and creamy. White sawdust clung to the dead leaves on the ground like early snow. Terry bent over his knees and clutched the laces of his work boot. He wore them untied and loose, as was the fashion in their school for boots and high-tops. Now he straightened his leg and leaned back, pulling the boot tight. He bow-tied the laces and set to his other foot.

The boy eyed Terry’s hands and forearms as he pulled. They were covered in coarse red hair that matched the color of his closely shorn scalp. The boy’s arms were undefined. What hair he had on his body was blond and thin.

Terry grunted when he stood. He hopped back on the trail. The boy was six months his senior, but Terry’s size earned him the lead through the maze of skid roads. When Terry wondered which way to proceed, the boy pointed knowingly from behind. He’d grown up hunting the Darling land with his father and uncle. But several years back, Mr. Darling had died and his children had sold the property to a developer. Within weeks, no trespassing signs surrounded the four hundred acres. Within months, the land had been subdivided and the town’s zoning board confronted with plans for a handful of upscale housing developments.

In effect, the boys were trespassing, but there was no one around to catch them. When the economy had gone bad and stayed bad, the development stopped. The groaning cement trucks quit their runs in and out of the new neighborhoods. The swarms of subcontractors disappeared and the developer’s Mercedes no longer made its rounds about town. It was rumored that the money from the recent logging contract was all he had left to fend off foreclosure.

The boys walked out into the clearing of Woodbury Heights, the last of the developer’s projects. He’d pushed the road into the woods, paved it, and even managed to cut several of the prospective house lots before the recession settled in. Piles of soil and unearthed boulders now cluttered the landscape. Leafless trees lay prone, their roots reaching elliptically into the air. The deep black of the new pavement stood out from the mess of the rest of the scene.

The boys made their way to the culvert at the end of the road. The August sun hung heavily on the two and came back at them from the hot blacktop.

“You sure?” the boy said.

Terry nodded. He slid his arms out of the backpack and pulled out three glass bottles.

“How you know?”

“My brother,” Terry told him. “Two parts gas, one part oil.” He took out three socks and tied knots in them. He soaked the socks with the mixture in the bottles and stuffed a knot through each open bottleneck. Then he went to the side of the road and wiped his hands on the tall grass.

When he returned, he took up one of the bottles, held a lighter to the sock, and heaved the cocktail. It crashed and set a good portion of pavement afire.

“See,” Terry said. “Told you.”

The boy smiled. “No shit,” he said.

They watched the fire slowly subside.

Terry lit and tossed a second. Again the pavement burned.

“Let me,” the boy said.

Terry handed him the last of the three bottles and the boy held it, his arm cocked and ready. Terry thumbed the lighter and touched it to the sock. The boy waited for the flame to catch, crow-hopped a quick three steps, and overhanded the bottle. It reminded him of some second-rate firework, the trajectory neither high nor fast. When it crashed down, the flames spilled across the tarmac and waved in the air. The boy stared at the fire, a dumb smile on his soft face.

A jab in the ribs brought him around quickly. Terry pointed a thumb down the road. His head was cocked, an ear in the direction of his hand. His eyes looked at the sky. The boy heard it too, an engine in low gear, climbing the hill. Terry turned and sprinted. The boy chased after him but couldn’t keep up. With the sound of the engine growing closer, Terry didn’t try to make it to the trail they’d come on. Instead he bolted over the shoulder of the road, through the underbrush, and into the woods. The boy followed.

With the broad hardwoods gone, the hiding wasn’t good. Terry sprawled behind a fir sapling and the boy crouched behind a good-size stump. He panted, catching his breath. When he saw the police cruiser, his chest froze and he could hardly get more than a quick gasp. He looked back at Terry.

“Think it’s burning?” the boy said.

Terry shrugged. “Come on,” he said, once the cruiser had passed. He jumped to his feet and waved for the boy to follow.

“I don’t think we should move.”

“No way,” Terry said, as he turned and lumbered into the woods. The boy looked back at the road. He heard Terry crashing through the brush and dead leaves behind him. He turned and ran after his friend. He didn’t want to be alone.

Though Terry was a more powerful sprinter, his size worked against him over a longer distance and the boy overtook him.

“Where you going?” said the boy.

Terry pointed in the direction he was running.

The boy shook his head and motioned off to his right.

Terry nodded and followed.

When the two could run no farther, they stopped and rested, their torsos bent, hands heavy on their knees.

“Duncan?” the boy said.

Terry shrugged.

“I hope it was Duncan.”

“Me too.”

“Don’t tell.”

“Don’t tell me not to tell. Christ,” Terry said.

The boy looked down and then away.

“Besides,” Terry told him, “I’m the one reeks of gas.” He reached down and wiped his hands on the leaves of a small tree.

They walked until they reached Sandy Creek, the first development to go up on the Darling property. Prior to the building and landscaping, it had been a sandpit where teenagers rallied dirt bikes and hopped- up pickups. Where teenagers and twenty-somethings gathered around bonfires and drank beer until the police chased them out. Terry and the boy had hunted bullfrogs at the water holes there. When they couldn’t catch them, they threw stones.

Now it was Sandy Creek, but in the heat of summer, the creek was more of a bog, and it plagued the new neighborhood with mosquitoes. The local carpenters and handymen had turned a good profit screening in the expansive porches of the new homes. On the road, the boy couldn’t help noticing how different the subdivision was from the rest of the town. The uniform homes rose like tiered gunships from the ground, sitting nearly on top of one another—their grand picture windows looked out on other grand picture windows. The lawns were flat and cropped like crew cuts. The trees were planted. The gardens didn’t bear produce.

At the end of the Sandy Creek road, the two boys stopped. Terry lived in one direction and the boy in the other.

“Want to come over?” Terry said.

The boy shook his head, unwilling to chance another encounter with Terry’s two older brothers. They had a routine called the Daily Beating, and although the name implied a schedule, they simply pounced on Terry when the feeling struck them. During the boy’s last visit, they included him in a new game they called Help Him—He’s Drowning. One brother grabbed the boy by the back of the neck and dunked his head up and down in their above-ground pool. The other stood on the patio, pointing and shouting, “Help him—he’s drowning! For the love of God, someone help!”

After hacking out the chlorinated water, hunkered on his hands and knees, the boy walked all the way home in his dripping swimsuit.

“No thanks,” he told Terry.

Terry paused for a moment but the boy didn’t extend an invitation.

“See you,” Terry said.

“Yeah,” said the boy.

When Terry was out of sight, the boy went back into Sandy Creek. He walked to the elaborate entryway of one of the large homes. It was hardly dusk, but the chandelier over the door was already lit. He’d ditched Terry because he knew his chances of getting invited inside were greater without him. Terry had fought Kevin Dennison earlier in the summer and fattened his lip. The boy pushed the doorbell and heard the elegant chime inside. He heard footsteps approaching and the door opened.

“Theodore,” Mrs. Dennison said. She smiled and her eyes squinted. “How are you?”

The boy hated being called Theodore but he smiled back. “Fine,” he said. “You?”

“Not bad,” she said. Mrs. Dennison was young. Young to have kids his age, the boy thought. She was slender and her short dark hair looked shiny and soft to the touch. “Ready for school?”

He shook his head.

She smiled. “High school already. I can hardly believe it,” she said. “Are you nervous?”

“Nah,” he said.

“Don’t tell him I said so, but I think Kevin is.”

He smiled. “Kevin and Bobby here?”

“They’re with their father,” she told him.

He nodded. He knew the Dennisons were separated. He knew Mr. Dennison already had a girlfriend.

“Why don’t you come by tomorrow,” she said. “I’ll tell them you were here.”

“All right—have a good night.”

“You too, Theodore.” She smiled and retreated back inside the house.

He spun about, hopped down the stairs, and walked across the brick sidewalk to the road. When he turned, he balked at the sight of Terry, standing at the corner where they had parted. Terry had a cigarette. The boy knew the way he tried to hide it—his hand cupped around the butt, arm hanging casually at his side. Terry looked at the boy, took a drag, and left for the second time. An ill feeling settled inside the boy. He’d been caught in the midst of his defection, and worse, Terry had predicted the betrayal.

The boy scuffed his shoe hard across the pavement. He picked up a rock and hurled it at a real estate sign in front of a home. It struck loud and metallic. He winced and quickly looked around for any witnesses. The flash of fear overwhelmed the feeling he’d had upon seeing Terry—upon seeing Terry see him. He jogged to the end of the Sandy Creek road, but Terry was gone. The boy stood for a moment at the intersection before he turned and headed home.

As he walked, the din of evening crickets poured in from the surrounding woods. The pavement was old and cracked at the edges. The sand the town spread for traction in winter collected in small dunes in the ditch. Trees grew close at the sides and reached over the road. Some bore scars from accidents and run-ins with snowplows. Here and there a beer can littered the ditch, sometimes a hubcap or paper coffee cup.

Before the boy got to the Humphreys’ house, he bent over and fisted two good-size stones. The Humphreys always had one mongrel dog or another that came to snarl at the foot traffic that passed. Every couple years the dogs were run down by cars and replaced. The boy passed in front of their home, but the dog didn’t show. A barn stood on the back corner of their property and an old pony, round-bellied and sway-backed, wandered a corral back there. The boy remembered sneaking through the woods to throw rocks at the horse and watch it twitch and buck. He passed out of sight of the Humphreys’ and dropped the two stones.

When he came around the bend to his house, he saw the real estate sign on his lawn. It was only two months old and it still caught his eye. His father had sold life insurance until the recession whittled away his commissions.

Earlier that summer, he found better work, but far off—in Pennsylvania. The boy’s mother had fought the decision but her salary as a schoolteacher wouldn’t cover the bills and there was little she could do but concede. The father moved into an efficiency, eight hours south, while the boy and his mother stayed home—the father hopeful for its sale, the mother for a change in the economy.

The boy walked across the mouth of the driveway and down the edge of the lawn. He eyed the front of the house and listened for coming cars. When all seemed clear he bent over and wrenched the sign back and forth, loosening the soil’s grip on it. After that bit of handiwork, the sign came out easily. Clods of dirt still clung to its legs. With a hand on the top two corners, he jogged to the opposite side of the road, raised the sign above his head, and heaved it into the ditch for the third time. On each occasion, the real estate agent would track it down, skewer it back in the lawn, and curse the local teenage hooligans. It was a small delight for the boy, and he knew he would keep at it until he was caught.


From the Hardcover edition.
Phil LaMarche|Author Q&A

About Phil LaMarche

Phil LaMarche - American Youth

Photo © Sara Barrett

Phil LaMarche was a writing fellow in the Syracuse University graduate creative writing program. He was awarded the Ivan Klíma Fellowship in fiction in Prague and a Summer Literary Seminars fellowship in St. Petersburg, Russia. His story “In the Tradition of My Family,” published in the spring 2005 edition of Ninth Letter and the 2005 Robert Olen Butler Fiction Prize Stories anthology, has been made into a film by orLater Productions. He lives in central New York state.

Author Q&A

A Conversation with Phil LaMarche

Random House Reader’s Circle: The hunting culture in the community of American Youth, as represented by the protagonist’s uncle, is contrasted against the new, more gentrified population, as represented by the housing development at the beginning of the novel. Do you hope the reader will come to a conclusion about which of the two cultures is more worthy?

Phil LaMarche: There is a long-standing yet fallible romantic tradition of lamenting the loss of the “natural”–and on a good day I can recognize this and refrain from placing the two different cultures of the novel into any kind of hierarchy. But of course there are other days. I grew up in a town where my father and I did hunt the hill behind our house, and since then it’s transformed into something much different–lots of developments, McMansions, and an eighteen-hole golf course. My parents have moved away and I don’t go back to my hometown much. It’s hard to watch the landscape of your childhood disappear, and I think that the personal experience of that loss is what might sway my opinions concerning the two different cultures–not any kind of rational thought. I could be like the American Youth gang and become resentful and then do my best to justify and bolster that feeling, but where would that get me? On a good day I can see that change is natural.

RHRC: The woods play a large role in this novel. Can you say how–metaphorically and psychologically–you meant the old New England forest to be viewed by the reader?

PL: I wanted the woods to be a place of escape and solace for the boy. I also wanted the forest to work as a sort of liminal space–a place in transition, where change could occur. On a much simpler level, the forest also functions as a secret thoroughfare–one of the great things about growing up in the woods was that we could get just about anywhere we needed by foot, completely undetected.

RHRC: The detailed–almost poetic–description of dressing a deer shot by Ted’s uncle suggests a primal appeal in the idea of hunting. Is it meant to, and do you approve of hunting?

PL: There’s a long tradition of hunting in my family– dressing and butchering game have been a part of my family life ever since I can remember. We’re meat hunters, not so interested in the trophy aspect of the sport. “You can’t eat the horns,” is an old joke in the family. My freezer is full of venison, wild turkey, and duck–that should give you an idea of how I feel about hunting. I feel much better about that meat (prepared and handled by people I love and trust) than a steak from an industrial farm. On a practical level, skinning the deer provides Ted and his uncle with an intimate, bonding experience where a deeper conversation is possible. The bullet hole in the carcass also provides an interesting segue into Teddy’s thoughts on Bobby Dennison.

RHRC: George, the head of the high school group from which your novel takes its name, seems to be unusually intelligent. Did you mean him to be seen as a manipulator, or an idealist (however misguided), or both?

PL: Some of the most intelligent, charismatic people I knew growing up weren’t standouts in school. For whatever reason, they became disillusioned with the academic process or were cast out and their skills were then diverted into other–often less productive, often destructive–lines of work. I think that George is someone who could have been the class president or valedictorian, but somewhere (I suspect in his home) he became misdirected. Not finding an outlet for his intelligence and charisma elsewhere, he created one of his own. All too often I think that delinquency is seen as a result of an intellectual or moral deficiency, but frequently I think the opposite is the case and that the cause instead lies in the individual’s emotional make-up.

RHRC: The vandalism in American Youth sometimes seems puny, almost farcical, given the enormous forces bearing down on the kids involved. How did you hope the reader would respond to the generally small scale of these delinquencies?

PL: I wanted their actions to seem pitiful in a way, futile and impotent against the forces around them. I had also hoped for some slapstick humor there–I thought a little laughter might be a nice break from some of the darker subject matter. I like how they try to justify their vandalism with lofty political talk–that cracks me up.

RHRC: You show Colleen, the girl in American Youth, in serious and in ultimately destructive conflict about her sexuality. Do you think that adolescents face more complex choices and emotions about sex than they did back when the “rules” were stricter?

PL: Since I’m essentially of the same generation as Colleen, having been a teenager in the nineties, my perspective on generations both before and after mine is speculative at best. That said, I think that discussions of teenage sexuality often rely on a romantic if not dishonest representation of the past. If there is a generational cliché, or pattern in this discussion, it’s that adults seem to consistently mutter, “The goshdamned kids these days, drinking, screwing, swearing–the nation’s going to hell.” This idea of the idyllic past is something I try to shoot down in American Youth. In general, I think the kids today aren’t much different than they were in the past. My grandparents were married at sixteen and had a child soon thereafter–that seems much more complex and difficult than anything I had to deal with at that age.

RHRC: Ted’s mother chooses to try to protect him by ordering him not to tell the truth about the firearms accident in which he was involved. How did you hope the reader would react to that choice?

PL: I hope a reader can understand where she’s coming from–that she’s acting out of a desire to protect her son and household. It’s easy to show a bad character doing bad things; I had hoped instead to show a good character doing something we can understand that ends up having dreadful consequences. That seems dramatically compelling to me.

RHRC: What psychological role do the long, economically necessary absences of Ted’s father play in Ted’s life?

PL: Ted’s home is fractured and changing, much like his town. The absence of his father is yet another piece missing from his support structure, making his ability to cope and determine right from wrong that much more difficult.

RHRC: If you could revise this novel now, what changes would you make?

PL: I’d make Ted’s parents more sympathetic and spend more time showing what the events of the novel put them through emotionally.

Praise

Praise

American Youth is a novel that demonstrates par excellence that the best writing is sometimes the simplest. A story of the individual, a story of America, it is one of those (all too) rare books that has stayed with me long after reading the last page.”
—Kate Atkinson

“The most compelling and exciting debut novel in years. What an amazing, gratifying book–we are lucky to have it. LaMarche proves that there are still young geniuses among us, wringing new life from the novel.”
—George Saunders, author of Pastoralia

“Men have never written about becoming a man as Phil LaMarche does in this page-turning debut. He’s the new Cormac McCarthy-in-waiting, wielding firearms with a muscular prose also evocative of Hemingway. The story runs hot as a pistol bore all the way through, with characters you can’t bear to leave. LaMarche’s
book is a heartfelt offering to the world.”
—Mary Karr, author of The Liar’s Club


From the Hardcover edition.
Discussion Questions

Discussion Guides

1. American Youth is a coming-of-age story. LaMarche emphasizes his protagonist’s youth, referring to him as “the boy.” The boy is small in stature–he weighs “less than most of the girls he wanted to date” (p. 67). In what other ways is his immaturity shown? Does Teddy progress, or come of age? If so, how is his new maturity shown?

2. Phil LaMarche sets his novel in a small, developing New England town. How does the changing setting serve the story? the themes? How does it shape the characters? How does the mother resist change? How do the American Youth resist change? How do the men in Teddy’s family view change? How does Teddy avoid and accept change?

3. LaMarche skillfully uses guns to address American political divisions. At the same time, he implies that neither side of the gun debate is right or wrong. Without denying the destructive power of guns–the central conflict of the novel springs out of an accident with a gun–the story involves people’s identity with and nostalgia for guns, characters who treat their guns with love and care. Do you think LaMarche is trying to take a side, or avoid taking a side, in the gun debate? Would you peg him as liberal or conservative? Does this affect the way you interpret the story?

4. The story includes many examples of families for whom living with guns in their homes is part of their everyday lives. The accident takes place in a family’s dining room. The boy fondly remembers hunting trips he took with his father. Why is it important to address the role of guns in the private as well as in the public domain?

5. Adolescence involves learning responsibility. How does Teddy learn to avoid or accept responsibility? The people in Teddy’s life play roles that either encourage or distract him to this end. How do his mother, his father, his uncle, his grandfather, Terry, and the Youth do so? How do truths and lies play into taking responsibility?

6. Is the boy’s mother a good mother? How does she help or hinder the boy? Do you think her actions are self-serving or truly in the interest of her son? Why does she disallow Teddy from seeking counseling after the incident? What of her sense of morality?

7. Is the boy’s father a good father? Can he be said to be a good father despite his absence? What is his role in the boy’s life? Do they have a healthy relationship?

8. Teddy “started to see that everything that was good in the world was a result of honest American values. Anything bad was a result of a departure from those core principles” (p. 87). Which values is LaMarche talking about, and how are they American? Can LaMarche’s small town represent the whole of America? Is his America a stereotype, or does it hold a quintessence? Is America defined by its people or by its places?

9. The Youth hold vandalism to be a highly effective “form of protest.” Do you agree? What are they protesting? Are they effective in their protest? Do you think the American Youth is a fascist group? Why?

10. Why does Teddy want to be part of the American Youth at first? Why, then, does he later betray them–worse, attack them–when they want him in the group?

11. Why is George a good gang leader? Why does he want Teddy in the group so badly? Why does Teddy hit George and not Jason Becket with the rock at the end of the book?

12. Teddy’s sort-of girlfriend, Colleen, struggles with loyalty and sexuality, as does Teddy. Do their perspectives differ significantly? Is theirs a “Mars” and “Venus” relationship? Do we get to know Colleen well enough to understand the choices she makes?

13. The majority of the novel is written in the past tense. Why do you think LaMarche changes to the present tense for the last few pages of the book? What is the author trying to get across?

14. Teddy is stuck. He is self-destructive, self-medicating, self-loathing, and lonely. By turns he feels guilty, angry, and detached–sometimes all at once. LaMarche paints a grim picture of adolescence, singed with burning pain. Do you think Teddy is an extreme case, or is this a typical portrait of the American adolescent? Are Teddy’s problems the result of his own actions, or of his environment?

15. Teddy’s uncle commits suicide by shooting himself in the mouth. LaMarche writes of the uncle (p. 152), “He had said, ‘You got yourself a lame horse, you know what you do: You take it out back, you take care of it.’ ” This is then reduced to: “In the action [of commiting suicide], Lawrence had proclaimed: I cannot live my life as I would like; therefore I assume the responsibility of ending it.” And finally to: “This sucks–fuck it.” How does this change the way Teddy thinks about death? How does it change the way he thinks about suicide? Later he puts a shotgun muzzle in his own mouth, but he stops short of pulling the trigger. Why doesn’t he go through with it himself?

16. Could this book be intended for youth, or is it better suited to adult readers? How do you think someone Teddy’s age would react to the novel?


  • American Youth by Phil LaMarche
  • January 08, 2008
  • Fiction - Literary; Fiction
  • Random House Trade Paperbacks
  • $14.00
  • 9780812977400

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