During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, Ancient Egypt led the world in the construction of fortifications. The oldest was discovered on Elephantine Island and dates to c.2900 BC. This book investigates over 2,000 years of Egyptian fortification, including both fortified cities and military installations. It covers the most famous sites, including the fortified town of Ayn Asil and the fortress of Buhen. The text also examines the specific defensive structures within the fortifications, including gates, walls, and towers, and looks at both the operation and social history of these ancient military strongholds. Maps, photographs, and artwork by Brian Delf recreate this long-lost but legendary era, a treat for the eye as well as the mind.
"Dr. Vogel has produced a highly readable and interesting work based on the remaining evidence... The reconstructions are excellent with maps indicating the locations of the sites. The author explains, based on remaining evidence and some of her own conclusions, what life was like for the garrisons." - JE Kaufmann, SITE O
"... most archaeologists give [ancient fortifications] ... little attention unless there is something really impressive remaining to work with. Dr. Vogel has produced a highly readable and interesting work based on the remaining evidence." - J.E. Kaufmann, SITE O
The Fortifications of Ancient Egypt 3000-1780 BC by Carola Vogel