Sandwiched between the heart of ancient Greece and the lands of Persia, the Greek cities of Western Anatolia were the spark that ignited some of the most iconic conflicts of the ancient world. Fought over repeatedly in the 5th century BC, their conquest by the Persians provided a casus belli for Alexander the Great to cross the Hellespont in 334 BC and launch the battle of Granicus and the sieges of Miletus and Halicarnassus. A blend of Greek and Asian styles of military architecture, these fortified cities were revolutionary in their multi-linear construction - successive defensive walls - with loopholes and mural arches. Konstantin Nossov illustrates the evolution of Greek fortifications and the influences of the region they bordered in this fascinating study.
"This work is an excellent introduction to the region including adequate maps for the reader to locate sites and regions described by the author... The history section for the sites is good and the author provides a list of sites with descriptions plus a useful summary chart...this is a good readable book covering a period where some other authors have overwhelmed their readers with terms, descriptions, and foreign names." - J. E. Kauffman, Site-O.net / siteo.net (February 2010)
"The interplay between resources and threats, and the response to changing military technology, makes for a fascinating study of early fortifications... well-written, and like all the volumes in the series, profusely illustrated. It is recommended to anyone seriously interested in the history of fortifications, and defensive response to changing levels and threats." -Bolling Smith, Coast Defense Journal (March 2010)
Greek Fortifications of Asia Minor 500-130 BC by Konstantin S Nossov