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WINNER OF THE BANCROFT PRIZE
WINNER OF THE ALBERT J. BEVERIDGE AWARD
WINNER OF THE WESLEY-LOGAN PRIZE
FINALIST FOR THE FREDERICK DOUGLASS and JOHN HOPE FRANKLIN PRIZES
Thomas Jefferson denied that whites and liberated blacks could live together in harmony. His cousin, Richard Randolph, not only disagreed, but made it possible for ninety African Americans to prove Jefferson wrong.
Israel On The Appomattox tells the story of these liberated blacks and the community they formed, called Israel Hill, in Prince Edward County, Virginia. There, ex-slaves established farms, navigated the Appomattox River, and became entrepreneurs. Free blacks and whites did business with one another, sued each other, worked side by side for equal wages, joined forces to found a Baptist congregation, moved west together, and occasionally settled down as man and wife.
Slavery cast its grim shadow, even over the lives of the free, yet on Israel Hill there took place a moving story of hardship and hope that defies expectations of the Old South.
“Israel on the Appomattox recovers a fascinating biracial world–right in the middle of the slave-based Old South. . . . The book shows whites, enslaved blacks, and, most especially, freed blacks working, living, trading, competing, cooperating, fighting, and (at least occasionally) loving together, in and around a special little place called by the freedpeople Israel Hill. The story stretches from the Virginia of Thomas Jefferson to the Virginia of Appomattox Court House. And it is extraordinary–inspiring and heartbreaking by turns.” –John Demos, author of The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America
“Fascinating . . . . No less than a systematic deconstruction of the ways in which many Americans have come to think of race, slavery, and the Old South.” –The Boston Globe
“Fascinating . . . . Ely’s story is so rich and compelling—and so persuasively documented—that it is sure to leave its mark on Southern history for years to come.” —The Washington Post Book World
“Israel on the Appomattox [is one of] the first works that attempt to describe with precision the texture of day-to-day interaction across the color line. . . . A remarkably rich story.” –Atlantic Monthly
“[An] absorbing story . . . . The value of this book lies in the many stereotypes the author has debunked.” –St. Louis Post-Dispatch
“Ely’s masterful examination of this Southside Virginia settlement, Israel Hill, adds a new dimension to the study of the lives, progress, and agency of free blacks in the South. . . .Ely’s wondrous array of primary sources and engaging prose leave very little to be criticized as he traces the life of each individual family with remarkable detail. This work warmly complements the few accomplished studies on this topic, and it rivals Ira Berlin’s Slaves without Masters (1974) in its contribution to Southern historiography.” –B. A. Wineman, Virginia Military Institute, Choice
“Previous historians have described the limits of free blacks' freedom. But none has examined the quality of their lives in the detail or with the sophistication of Melvin Patrick Ely in Israel on the Appomattox . . . . A striking portrait . . . . Ely hopes to shift the emphasis in the study of free blacks from disempowerment to accomplishment, and he goes a long way toward reaching this goal.” –Los Angeles Times
“A remarkable civics lesson in hope, strength, endurance and quiet courage that most will find important and uplifting.” –Rocky Mountain News
“Compelling, well-written, and thoroughly researched. The author knows Israel Hill and Prince Edward County inside and out, and his study is clearly a labor of love. . . . [Ely] challenges many of our assumptions concerning white and black Southern life in the antebellum period.” –Civil War Book Review
“Ely brings to life the black personages who demonstrated that self-determination was possible in the South prior to the Civil War . . . . A rare slice of history recounted by an uncommonly fastidious historian who is as passionate about the Hill as he is about the Israelites who dwelled there.” –Black Issues Book Review
“[Ely] explores as few others have done the meaning of independence, of the metaphor of a river in America, and the role of faith and brotherly love.” –Decatur Daily
“An astonishing act of historical research and imagination. Ely has given us the fullest and most humane account we have ever had of free black people.” –Edward L. Ayers, author of In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863
“This remarkable account . . . is rich with new insights on the dimensions of bondage and freedom in the slave South. The author's meticulous research and elegant writing make the experience of reading it both a reward and a pleasure.” –James M. McPherson, author of Battle Cry of Freedom
“Israel on the Appomattox is a surprising and often heartening story of human struggle, personal dignity and complex interracial cooperation in the deep shadow of slavery. It upends traditional assumptions about race in the Old South and, in so doing, poses striking possibilities for America’s future.” –James Oliver Horton, co-author of Slavery and the Making of America
“The book unfolds as a revelation, and it contributes profoundly to the revision of our understanding of African American life in the nineteenth century.” –Michael Kammen, author of American Culture, American Tastes
“Melvin Patrick Ely previously wrote a wonderfully original and significant book on the popular radio and television series Amos ’n’ Andy that upset a number of facile assumptions. He has now done exactly the same for Israel Hill . . . . Once again we are indebted to him for enabling us to take a deeper look at aspects of our past and our culture we thought we fully understood.” –Lawrence W. Levine, author of Black Culture and Black Consciousness
“A path-breaking analysis of antebellum Virginia, Ely’s superbly documented discussion of race relations is seminal and destined for controversy.” –Gerald Jaynes, author of Branches Without Roots: The Genesis of the Black Working Class